The Balance of Agriculture and Conservation

Kasie McLaughlinBanner, News


Next year will mark 35 years for the Manitoba Habitat Conservancy (MHC). Established in 1986 by the Provincial Government of Manitoba; MHC was created to build partnerships and work with landowners, farmers, and ranchers in rural Manitoba. The mandate is simple: “Conserve, restore and enhance fish and wildlife habitat in Manitoba” and with the slogan, “Made in Manitoba”, MHC has done just that.

“Agriculture is the backbone of the economy. MHC continues to focus on partnerships with landowners to find a balance within the agriculture and conservation relationship”, says Kasie McLaughlin, Habitat Conservation Specialist for MHC.

According to the 2016 Manitoba Census Report, there are approximately 17.6 million acres of farmland in Manitoba. Within that landscape MHC has approximately 300,000 acres of conservation projects.

The history of MHC includes the Habitat Enhancement Land Use Program (HELP) which started in Shoal Lake area in the late 80’s. HELP was a pilot project designed to test new ways to conserve waterfowl habitat cooperatively with farmers and ranchers. Examples of the projects included predator fencing, duck nesting structures and short-term leases for grasslands and wetlands.

“HELP tested a variety of conservation activities to see if they could be beneficial and meaningful to landowners and wildlife” said McLaughlin, “Waterfowl need sloughs, grasslands and other natural areas. The key to conserving those areas is the landowners and the partnerships that we can create and maintain”.

HELP paved the way for MHC to pursue Conservation Agreements. In 1997 the Province of Manitoba passed the Conservation Agreements Act, which enabled conservation groups to pay landowners for areas on their farms, such as sloughs, grasslands and bush that are not cultivated and enter into a long- term agreement. A Conservation Agreement with MHC outlines the areas of the farm where wildlife habitat exists, typically the least productive acres and landowners can continue to use the land as they have in the past.

Decades later, MHC continues to use Conservation Agreements to build partnerships with landowners to conserve sloughs and grasslands for wildlife habitat. MHC recently worked with Don and Wenda Best of Kenton MB, to conserve 375 acres of wetlands and grasslands on their farm. The Best Family will continue to graze the pastures and farm their improved land while maintaining a space for wildlife.

“Its just the right thing to do, keeping the sloughs and bush around. You see all these farms with no habitat on them, it creates problems downstream. I like seeing the birds and wildlife on my land, the water helps the cattle immensely,” said Don Best, Mixed Farmer from Kenton, MB.